Critical Summary: Active and Passive Euthanasia (James.
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James Rachels, a prominent ethicist, has written against this kind of cultural relativism in his work The Elements of Moral Philosophy. a section of which is found in the compilation The Moral Life by Louis Pojman and Lewis Vaughn. An Overview of Rachels’ Challenge to Cultural Relativism.
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The Differing Perspectives of Ruth Benedict and James Rachels on the Relativity of Morality PAGES 3. WORDS 749. View Full Essay. About this essay. Reading example essays works the same way! Here are some ways our essay examples library can help you with your assignment.
Over his career, Rachels wrote 5 books and 85 essays, edited 7 books and gave about 275 professional lectures. His work has been translated into Dutch, Italian, Japanese, and Serbo-Croatian. James Rachels is widely admired as a stylist, as his prose is remarkably free of jargon and clutter.
According to James Rachels, “both passive and active euthanasia are permissible.” (Luper and Brown, p.347). He gives a doctrine from American Medical Association quoting,” mercy killing is contrary to which the medical professional stands” (Luper and Brown, p. 347). He makes arguments against the doctrine as to why it would be rejected.
James Rachels argues against theories of selfishness that the psychological egoists maintain. He challenges the view that everyone always does what he or she wants by showing that we often dounpleasant tasks for the future pleasures or from obligation.